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Information About DMV Driving Laws

Rules for drivers with low vision vary widely from state to state. Some are arcane, most are complex. The information below is an abridged listing of the rules in effect in each state at the time we last verified. Your low vision Optometrist is often expert in navigating the rules and restrictions placed on driving privileges in your state. For each state, we attempt to show when the rules summarized were current, visual acuity requirements, field of vision requirements, any codified policies regarding the use of bioptic telescopes, miscellaneous notes, and, when practical, the source of the information shown.

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FIND DRIVING LAWS BY STATE


Alabama

Date last verified: Nov, 2020

Visual Criteria for Bioptic Driving

  • Minimum of 20/200 in EACH eye using the carrier lenses.
  • Visual Acuity using the bioptic must be at least 20/60, either mono or bino.
  • Power of the bioptic not to exceed 4X
  • Visual Fields of at least 110 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically
  • Basic bioptic training to be administered by either an optometrist or ophthalmologist
  • Road test performed by a Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist using the bioptic telescopes.
  • Recertification annually
  • Restricted to day driving only with bioptics

(Note, the state of Alabama does provide funding for training the bioptic driver by a Certified Rehabilitation Driving Specialist, in most cases.)

Once the optometrist or ophthalmologist determines that the person will require bioptic telescopes for driving, that optometrist or ophthalmologist fills out a special form entitled Certificate of Vision Examination for Bioptic Driving that the person must submit to the Alabama Public Safety Department for completion of the requirements.

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Alaska

Date last verified 09/15/2020

Visual Acuity:

Visual Acuity: Minimum of 20/40 in one eye gets unrestricted license. Same with glasses restricted to wearing glasses (contacts). Best visual acuity of 20/40 to 20/100 in one eye (with or without glasses) needs report from an eye specialist. Request for license then determined by discretion. Less than 20/100 best corrected: no license. A person wearing telescopic or compound lenses whose field of vision is less than 60 percent will not be issued a Class D license unless the person is able to meet the requirements for visual acuity without the aid of the lenses. Alaska DMV: section 2 AAC 90.440 It is okay to use a bioptic telescope to meet this minimum visual acuity requirement (it counts as a corrective lens), as long as the person has a letter from their eye doctor that they
meet the vision requirement with this device.

(6) a person with color blindness will not be denied a Class D license for that reason; the department will not issue a commercial driver’s license to a person
unable to meet the color vision standards under 49 C.F.R. 391.41, adopted by reference in (b) of this section, unless the person provides a valid medical card with a vision waiver issued by the Department of Transportation and Public Facilities; a person presenting a vision waiver
will be restricted to an intrastate license;

(7) a person wearing telescopic or compound lenses whose field of vision is less than 60 percent will not be issued a Class D license, unless the person is able to meet the requirements for visual acuity without the aid of the lenses; if the person’s field of vision is between 60 percent and 90 percent, the department may require outside rearview mirrors; the department will not issue a commercial driver’s license to a person wearing telescopic or compound lenses whose field of vision is less than 70 percent;

(8) a person with a progressive eye disease or condition, such as cataract, glaucoma, iritis, nystagmus, or other disease affecting vision or visual fields, will not be issued a Class D driver’s license, unless a licensed physician states, in writing to the department, that the condition will not affect the person’s ability to drive safely; if licensed, future periodic vision reports must be submitted to the department by the person’s physician until the condition is cured or stabilized; the department will not issue a commercial driver’s license to a person with a progressive eye disease or condition;

(9) the department will require annual visual examination of a person with a progressive eye disease or condition to ensure that the licensee’s vision meets the standards set out in this section.

Re-examination requirements:
(b) A licensee who suffers the permanent loss of a hand, arm, foot, leg, or eye must report to the department before operating a motor vehicle. The department may require a reexamination of the licensee’s driving ability and restrict the licensee to the operation of a vehicle with special equipment.

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Arizona

Date last verified: Nov, 2020

Standard:

  • Visual acuity. A person shall have binocular or monocular vision and visual acuity of 20/40 in at least 1 eye.
  • Field of vision. Field of visino shall be 70 degrees temporally and 35 degrees nasally, in at least one eye

RESTRICTIONS – Supp. 08-4 Page 28 December 31, 2008 Title 17, Ch. 4 Arizona Administrative Code Department of Transportation – Title, Registration, and Driver Licenses

  • A person with corrected vision shall wear corrective lenses at all times when driving if the corrective lens is required to thieve the vision standards in subsection (B)
  • The Division shall restrct a person with diagnosed impaired night vision to daytime driving only.
  • The Division shall restrict a person with binocular vision and corrected or uncorrected visual acuity of 20/50 or 20/60, when using both eyes to daytime driving only.
  • The Division shall not license a person with monocular vision and vision acuity of 20/50 or greater
  • The Divison shall not license a person with binocular vision and visual acuity of 20/70 or greater.

BIOPTIC TELESCOPE GLASSES – A person may use a bioptic telescopic lens system during vision screening.

  • Beginning on the date of a initial application and every year thereafter, a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system shall submit to the Division an annual exam performed by a physician or optometrist to ascertain whether the person has a progressive eye disease.
  • The Division shall not license a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system unless the person submits to the Division a written statement from a physician or an optometrist that the individual meets the visual acuity standard as prescribed in subsection (B).
  • The Division shall not license a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system with magnification of the lens that is more than 4X.

New Section recodified from R17-4-521 at 7 A.A.R. 3479, effective July 20, 2001 (Supp. 01-3). Amended by final rulemaking at 12 A.A.R. 221, effective January 10, 2006 (Supp. 06-1).

Screenshot 2019 07 20 What are the driving laws for the visually impaired in Arizona Woolf Eye Care Center YouTube

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Arkansas

Date last verified: Nov, 2020

Standard:

    • min uncorrected 20/40 for unrestricted lic -min corrected acuity
    • 20/60 for restricted (daytime only)
    • visual field of 140 degrees with person with 2 functional eyes , or 105 degrees with one functional eye

No specific requirements or regulations for driving with bioptic/telescopic glasses

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California

Date last verified: August, 2020

CALIFORNIA DMV VISION REQUIREMENTS:

Vision DMV screens all drivers to measure vision with or without corrective lenses. If you do not meet DMV’s vision standard (20/40), you will be required to visit a vision specialist. The DMV representative will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) form to have completed by a vision specialist. If your vision is not worse than 20/70, DMV may issue you a 30-day temporary DL to allow you time to have your vision checked. All drivers applying for a DL must have a visual acuity better than 20/200 (best corrected) in at least one eye before a DL can be issued. You are prohibited from using a bioptic telescope or similar lens to meet the 20/200 visual acuity standard in the better eye.

https://www.dmv.ca.gov/portal/uploads/2020/06/dl600.pdf on page 20

INFORMATION FOR SENIOR DRIVERS IN CALIFORNIA:
Vision Tests
DMV is committed to helping you keep your driver license for as long as you can safely drive. If you are nervous or confused about the vision test, please let the DMV employee know so they can help with any concerns you may have.

Your eyesight will be tested using a wall chart that measures your visual acuity (how sharp your vision is). The wall chart is located 20 feet from where you will be standing and contains five lines of letters for you to read. If you cannot read the letters on the wall chart, you will be asked to look into a vision testing machine called the Optec 1000. You look into this machine with both eyes open and look for specific objects.

If you do not meet DMV’s vision standard of 20/40:

  • The DMV employee will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) form and ask you to see a vision specialist (a licensed ophthalmologist or optometrist).
    • If you submitted a DL 62 within the previous six months, a new DL 62 form is not required. However, if you had eye surgery within those six months, you must complete and submit a new DL 62 so that your vision specialist can give DMV an update on your vision.
  • If you are renewing your license, DMV will issue you a 30-day temporary license if your eyesight is no worse than 20/70 with both eyes. This should give you enough time to make an appointment with your vision specialist.
  • Your vision specialist will give you a full vision exam to determine your ability to drive safely. Then you must bring the completed DL 62 back to a DMV office and take another vision test.
    • If you pass the vision test, DMV will renew your driver license and add (or retain) a corrective lens restriction to your driver license. You must wear your corrective lenses while driving if you passed the vision test while wearing your glasses or corrective contact lenses. There will be no lens restriction if you passed the vision test without glasses or corrective contact lenses.
    • If you do not pass the vision test, DMV will schedule a Supplemental Driving Performance Evaluation (SDPE) (driving test) for you to see if you can compensate for your vision condition. If your vision specialist prescribes them, you must wear your glasses or corrective contact lenses. If you pass the driving test, DMV will renew your driver license and add (or retain) a corrective lens restriction to your driver license.

If your vision specialist prescribes new eyeglasses or recommends another type of vision correction, please wait until you have completed your vision specialist’s recommendations before returning to DMV. DMV will retest your vision, and you may not pass the vision test if you aren’t used to your new lenses.

Other vision-related issues

  • Bioptic telescopic lens wearers
    If your vision specialist has prescribed a bioptic telescopic lens for you, you may not wear your lens to pass the vision test.A DMV employee will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) and ask you to see your vision specialist. When you return with your completed DL 62, you will be asked to take an SDPE (driving test) to determine if you can drive safely while wearing your bioptic telescopic lens. If you pass your driving test, your license will be restricted to wearing your bioptic telescopic lens when driving. If you passed the driving test during the day, you will have a daylight driving restriction. If you passed the driving test at night, you will not have a daylight only restriction.
  • Monovision
    If you have monovision (one eye corrected for distance vision and one eye treated or untreated for close-up vision) and DMV has no record of your vision condition, the DMV employee will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) and ask you to see your vision specialist. When you return with your completed DL 62, you will be asked to take an SDPE (driving test) to determine if you can drive safely.
  • Other health conditions that affect vision
    One of the following health conditions may cause you to not meet DMV’s minimum vision screening standard. If this happens, you will be referred to DMV’s Driver Safety Branch for a hearing. Existing health conditions that may affect your vision include, but are not limited to:
    • Brain tumor or lesion
    • Cerebral palsy
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Head trauma
    • Kaposi’s sarcoma ocular lesions
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Stroke

https://www.dmv.ca.gov/portal/driver-education-and-safety/special-interest-driver-guides/senior-drivers/

Click here to speak to a low vision doctor in California about driving with low vision

Screenshot 2019 08 30 What are the driving laws for people with low vision in California YouTube

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Colorado

Date last verified: Dec, 2020

Visual Acuity:

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200. Visual Field: Not mentioned in the regulations.Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. Doctor must fill out form 2401 Colorado Motor Vehicle Division, Motor Vehicle law 42-2-111 Driver License Services

Screenshot 2019 07 20 What are the driving laws for the visually impaired in Colorado YouTube

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Connecticut

Date last verified: Nov, 2020

(a) An unlimited operator’s license shall be issued or retained if the applicant or license holder meets the following visual standards:

(1) A minimum visual acuity of 20/40 (Snellen) or equivalent in both eyes or in the better eye with or without corrective lenses;

(2) An uninterrupted binocular visual field of at least 140o in the horizontal meridian, or a monocular field of at least 100o in the horizontal meridian; and

(3) No evidence of any other visual condition(s) which either alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability.

(b) A person who has a best corrected visual acuity of worse than 20/40 but at least 20/70 in the better eye, an uninterrupted visual field of not less than 100o in the horizontal meridian, and no other visual condition(s) which alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability, may be issued an operator’s license with vehicle operation limited to daylight only or as otherwise determined by the commission in accordance with the provisions of section 14-36-4 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.

(c) The commissioner may waive the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section if the applicant or license holder has a visual acuity of no worse than 20/70 (Snellen) or equivalent in the better eye with or without corrective lenses, has an uninterrupted binocular visual field of at least 100o in the horizontal meridian, or a monocular field of at least 70o in the horizontal meridian, has no other visual condition(s) which either alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability, and demonstrates to the commissioner that he or she is able to operate a motor vehicle safely. The person’s driving history and accident record shall be considered. If not otherwise required, the commissioner may request that the person take an on-the-road driving test, and the results of such test shall be considered in determining whether a waiver will be granted.

(d) A person who has a best corrected visual acuity better than 20/200 in the better eye, and has an uninterrupted visual field of at least 100o in the horizontal meridian, may be issued an operator’s license containing such limitation(s) as the commissioner deems advisable after consideration of the person’s vision, driving ability, driving needs and other relevant factors including the opinion of the person’s physician, ophthalmologist, or optometrist. The person may be required to take an on-the-road driving test, and the opinion of the medical advisory board may be requested in accordance with Sections 14-45a-10 through 14-45a-17 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies to determine whether a license shall be issued, and if so the limitation(s) that shall be imposed.

(e) No operator’s license shall be issued or retained by a person who has a best corrected visual acuity of 20/200 (Snellen) or worse in the better eye, or has an uninterrupted binocular visual field of less than 100o in the horizontal meridian, or an uninterrupted monocular visual field of less than 70o in the horizontal meridian, or who has any other visual condition(s) which alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability.

(Effective April 30, 1993)

Screenshot 2020 04 06 Driving Laws for the Visually Impaired in Connecticut IALVS

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Delaware

Date last verified: November, 2020

  • Visual Acuity – unrestricted license: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.
  • Restricted to daylight only license: 20/50.
  • If the applicant cannot meet the standards when tested by the eyecare specialist, the license is denied, and he or she may appeal the decision to the MAB. The MAB’s recommendations are used by the Medical Review Section d to the Court of Common Pleas
  • Those who must wear bioptic lenses to drive must: be recommended by an optometrist or ophthalmologist; attend specialized rehabilitation training classes; and pass a written and road test administered by the Division.
  • Those who operate motor vehicles with bioptic lenses must complete a road skill test upon initial issue, when renewing their license, or when transferring their driver license from another state.
  • Visual Field: No requirements.

Dept. of Public Safety, Division of Motor Vehicles, Manager of Driver Safety.

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District of Columbia

Date last verified: July, 2018

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye requires 140 degree visual field for restricted license. A license can be issued upon the favorable recommendation of an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Bioptic telescope lenses are ok with Doctor recommendation. Visual Field: Minimum of 130 degrees in the horizontal meridian. Between 110 & 130 degrees, with ok Visual Acuity may be approved.The wearing of Bioptic Telescopic Glasses requires a restriction notice on the license. http://dmv.dc.gov/serv/medical/medicalRestrictions.shtm.

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Florida

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: All drivers are required to have the best possible vision. Minimum of 20/70 in either eye, or both eyes together may pass with or without corrective lenses, if vision cannot be improved; however if one eye is blind or 20/200 or worse, the other eye must be 20/40 or better. Visual Field: The minimum acceptable field of vision is an uninterrupted 130 degrees in the horizontal field. The use of telescopic lenses to meet visual standards is not recognized in Florida.

Florida Driving Laws and Low Vision

Screenshot 2020 02 09 Florida Driving Laws and Low Vision Low Vision Institute

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Georgia

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: Must have 20/60 in either eye with or without corrective lenses. Bioptic Telescope Lenses are permitted for best corrected acuity as low as 20/200, with some restrictions. License renewal for bioptic drivers is now 4 years. Visual Field: 140 degrees minimum if two eyes. If monocular, needs minimum of 70 degrees temporally and 50 degrees nasally.Rules and Regulations 40-5-27

Click here to learn more

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Hawaii

Date last verified: September, 2015

Drivers undergo vision screening each time they come into a licensing center for renewal. The test may be waived with the presentation of a vision report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist within the past 6-month period. If applicants do not meet the acuity standard of 20/40 in at least one eye, and visual field of 140 degrees horizontally, they must have a vision statement completed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

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Idaho

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Vision Standards:

  • 20/40 or better in one eye: No restrictions necessary
  • 20/50 – 20/70: +1 in one eye: Annual Vision and Road Test
  • 20/70 or worse: Deny
  • Visual Field: none

Bioptic Telescope:

  • Bioptics are acceptable: 20/40 or better in one eye
  • Annual visual and road test
  • Daylight only

Click here to speak to a low vision doctor in Idaho about driving with low vision

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Illinois

Date last verified: Dec 2020

  • The minimum requirement for visual acuity is 20/40 acuity with or without corrective lenses. Drivers with acuity between 20/41 and 20/70 are limited to daylight driving only.
  • You must have at least 140 degree peripheral vision (the ability to see to the side) to have a license without restrictions. This is with or without corrective lenses.
  • If you wear telescopic lenses, you must meet special requirements and undergo additional testing to receive your license.
  • You must take the completed Vision Specialist Report with you to your local Driver Services facility when you renew.

Driver’s licenses may be awarded to some telescopic lens wearers for daylight driving meeting the following requirements. If you are a first-time telescopic lens wearer and have not taken the initial road exam, the Secretary of State’s office will contact you to schedule a road exam after the office receives your Vision Specialist Report. All telescopic lens wearers must submit a Vision Specialist Report annually. If you have submitted a form in the past, the Secretary of State’s office will mail you a Vision Specialist Report in advance. Telescopic lens wearer visual requirements are as follows:

  • Acuity readings through the carrier lenses must be 20/100 or better in both eyes.
  • Acuity readings through the lenses must be 20/40 or better in both eyes.
  • Peripheral readings must be 140 degrees binocular or 70 degrees temporal and 35 degrees nasal monocular.
  • You must be fitted for a prescription spectacle mounted telescopic lens arrangement and have had the arrangement in your possession for at least 60 days prior to driver’s license application date.
  • The power of the lenses must not exceed 3.0X wide angle or 2.2X standard.

Telescopic lens wearers applying for nighttime driving privileges must submit a Vision Specialist Report in addition to a written request with your name, address, date of birth and driver’s license number. You also must meet the following requirements:

  • Possess a valid driver’s license and have operated a motor vehicle during daylight hours for a period of 12 months using the telescopic lenses.
  • Have a driving record that does not include any traffic accidents that occurred during nighttime hours for which you were at fault during the 12 months before you apply for the nighttime license.
  • Successfully complete a road exam administered during nighttime hours.

Screenshot 2019 11 06 What are the driving laws for low vision patients in Illinois YouTube

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Indiana

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Vision Guidelines for Indiana Driving Licensure:

  • 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, no restrictions.
  • 20/50 in the better eye: restricted license daytime only.
  • 20/70 in the better eye: daytime only (must have proof of normal peripheral visual field)

Bioptic Telescope:

  • Bioptic Telescope Lenses are permitted for best corrected acuity through the carrier lens as low as 20/200, with some restrictions
  • Visual Acuity must reach 20/40 with telescope (4X or less)
  • Visual field no less than 120 degrees horizontal
  • Color vision adequate for traffic lights
  • Stable eye condition
  • Good mobility and mental attitude

Screenshot 2020 04 03 Driving Laws for the Visually Impaired in Indiana IALVS

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Iowa

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/50 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only). 20/70 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only, up to 35 mph). Visual Field: 140 degrees: no restriction. Between 115 and 140 degrees: certain restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet visual acuity standards.Iowa Drivers Manual, Administrative Rule 600.

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Kansas

Date last verified: Dec 2020

2014 Kansas Statutes

8-295. Vision standards for drivers’ licenses. Each driver’s license examiner shall use the following vision standards for driver’s license applicants:

(a) Each applicant testing 20/40 or better in at least one eye at the examination station shall meet the vision requirements. The driver’s license examiner shall give each applicant failing to meet this test a vision form and refer the applicant to an ophthalmologist or optometrist of the applicant’s choice.

(b) Each applicant who has received a vision report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist shall have 20/60 or better vision in at least one eye, with or without standard corrective lens, as determined by an ophthalmologist or optometrist to be eligible to be issued a driver’s license.

(c) The driver’s license examiner shall require each individual with a reading of 20/60 in the better eye, with or without standard corrective lens, to submit to a driver’s test.

(d) An applicant failing to meet any of the above standards may be issued a driver’s license if the applicant can demonstrate that the applicant can safely operate a vehicle and has had a good driving record for the previous three years. The division may impose reasonable restrictions on such license, as provided in K.S.A. 8-245, and amendments thereto.

(e) An applicant failing to meet the standards in subsections (a) through (d) shall be afforded a hearing in the manner prescribed by subsection (c) of K.S.A. 8-255, and amendments thereto.

(f) No optometrist or ophthalmologist reporting to the division or to the medical advisory board in good faith any information which such person may have relating to the visual condition or other ability of an applicant for a driver’s license to safely operate a motor vehicle shall be subject to a civil action for damages as a result of reporting such information including any information provided in a vision report.

History: L. 1989, ch. 33, § 1; L. 1993, ch. 100, § 2; L. 2001, ch. 82, § 3; July 1.

If BCVA is worse than 20/60, the applicant is subject to review by the Medical Review Board and a drive test. Minimum total peripheral vision is 110 degrees. Bioptics are permitted for driving but not to reach the minimum acuity.

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Kentucky

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Kentucky Medical Standards for Operators of Motor Vehicles, KAR 13:100, from Section 11: Visual acuity of at least 20/60 or better in at least one eye with single lens system. Binocular horizontal field of vision of at least thirty-five (35) degrees to the left and right side of fixation and a binocular vertical field of vision of at least twenty-five (25) degrees above and below fixation.Kentucky Bioptic Driving Law Below is an the Act relating to the operation of a motor vehicle in Kentucky which allowed for visually impaired driver’s to use bioptics. This Act took effect on January 1, 2001 allowing bioptic driving in Kentucky. A NEW SECTION OF KRS 186. 400 TO 186. 640 IS CREATED TO READ AS FOLLOWS:

  • Applicants accepted to participate in a certified driver training program shall meet the following minimum vision requirements
    • A distance visual acuity of 20/200 or better, with corrective lenses, in the applicant’s better eye
    • A visual field of at least one hundred twenty (120) degrees horizontally and eighty (80) degrees vertically in the same eye as used in paragraph (a) of this subsection
    • A distance visual acuity of 20/60 or better using a bioptic telescopic device
    • No ocular diagnosis or prognosis that indicates a likelihood that significant deterioration of visual acuity or visual field to levels below the minimum standards outlined in this subsection will occur.
  • Upon acceptance into a certified driver training program, an applicant shall be given an examination to test his or her knowledge of the motor vehicle laws of the Commonwealth. This examination may be taken orally.
  • Take a comprehensive operator’s license examination administered by the State Police. The operator’s license examination shall include testing of the applicant’s driving skills over a route specifically designed to test the applicant’s competency using a bioptic telescopic device.

SECTION 4. A NEW SECTION OF KRS 186. 400 TO 186. 640 IS CREATED TO READ AS FOLLOWS:

  • The circuit clerk shall issue, to an applicant who successfully passes the operator’s license examination outlined in subsection (4) of Section 3 of this Act, an operator’s license with the following restrictions:
    • Required use of a bioptic telescopic device; and
    • Restricted to daytime driving.
  • A restriction to daytime driving in accordance with subsection (1) of this section shall be removed if the licensed driver:
    • Drives for thirty-six (36) months without any at-fault accidents and without any license suspensions
    • Successfully completes additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a certified driver training program
    • Passes a comprehensive night driving examination. The law applies as follows and TS are allowed to meet the requirement at any level (these are the official rules as written)

Basically, it works like this: The process begins with an examination by a low vision optometrist to determine whether the patient meets the visual acuity and visual field guidelines for the Kentucky Bioptic Driving Program. An extensive assessment is conducted and includes a passenger-in-car evaluation of functional vision, as well as three paper-and-pencil tests that measure visual perception abilities, cognitive flexibility, and divided attention. The next step is training with a Driver Rehabilitation Specialist. The requirements of the program are:

  • Visual Acuity: Must have 20/200 or better with corrective lenses in the better eye to be accepted into a certified driver training program
  • Visual acuity through the bioptic telescope measuring at least 20/60
  • Visual Field: 120 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically in the same eye
  • Behind-the-wheel training with the Bioptic Telescope is required at a minimum of 30 hours for a new driver and 15 hours for a previously licensed driver
  • Daytime-driving-only restrictions apply, but may be removed after 36 months if the licensed driver has no at-fault accidents or license suspensions
  • For night driving, the driver must successfully complete additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a certified driver training program. The daytime only restriction will be removed upon successful completion of training and a road skills test which is designed specifically for night driving

Finally, training is based on individual learning needs, as some individuals require more time than others. If the behind-the-wheel training portion is passed, the individual is scheduled for a road skills test with the Kentucky State Police division of Driver’s Testing.

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Louisiana

Date last verified: October 2020

Louisiana Bioptic Driver Eligibility and Restrictions

ELIGIBILITY

An applicant using bioptic telescopic lenses shall be eligible for a driver’s license if he meets ALL of the following criteria. Each applicant must:

  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/200 in one or both eyes and a field of 110 degrees horizontal vision without or with corrective carrier lenses. If he has vision in only one eye, he must have a field of at least 40 degrees temporal and 30 degrees nasal horizontal vision. Note: If vision is greater than 20/200, i.e., 20/300, the applicant does not qualify for a license.
  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/60 in one or both eyes with the bioptic telescopic lenses and without the use of field expanders (devices attached to each side of the eyeglasses).
  • Submit, with the license application, an examination report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist on the Bioptic Telescopic Lens Vision Examination form (DPSMV 2008). The report shall certify that no ocular diagnosis or prognosis currently exists or is likely to occur during the period of issuance of the license which would cause deterioration of visual acuity or visual field to levels below the minimum standards provided for in this section.
  • Present proof of completion of at least 30-hours of behind-the-wheel training from a Department of Public Safety approved adaptive/bioptic instructor.
  • Successfully pass a comprehensive driver’s skills test administered by a third party tester who is certified in adaptive training. The third party tester will administer the skills test and place the results in a sealed envelope for delivery to the Office of Motor Vehicles. The skills test is not required if the applicant is applying for a learner’s permit.
  • Meet all other criteria for licensure which includes proper identification documentation, certificate of completion of an approved 30-hour classroom driver education training course (for ages 15 – 17) and/or 6-hour pre-licensing driver’s education course (age 18 or older) and successfully pass written exams.

RESTRICTIONS

A person using bioptic telescopic lenses shall be subject to the following restrictions:

  • The applicant is eligible ONLY for a Class E license and shall not be permitted to operate a motorcycle or motor scooter.
  • The license shall permit operation of a motor vehicle only during the period beginning 1/2 hour after sunrise and ending 1/2 hour before sunset (“08” restriction – Daylight driving only)
  • The applicant shall be prohibited from driving during adverse weather conditions.
  • Once the applicant has been determined “eligible,” a Class E license (or learner’s permit) can be issued with the following restrictions: 08 – Daylight driving only and 66 – Bioptic lenses required.
  • Any other restrictions deemed necessary by OMV shall be applied.

A person using bioptic telescopic lenses may have the “Daytime Only” (08 restriction) lifted if he meets all of the following requirements. The applicant must:

  • Have been licensed with bioptic telescopic lenses for at least one year.
  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/40 in one or both eyes with the bioptic telescopic lenses and without the use of field expanders.
  • Successfully pass a comprehensive driver’s skills test at night administered by a qualified Third Party Testers / Adaptive Bioptic Trainers.
  • Have no license suspensions, revocations or at-fault accidents for the previous 12 month period.

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Maine

Date last verified: Sept, 2017

  • Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.
  • 20/70 in the better eye with restrictions:
  • Each eye must be 20/70. If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/60 for daylight restricted license, with 25 mile radius.
  • If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/50 for daylight restricted license.
  • If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/40 for unrestricted license.
  • Visual Field: Binocular field of vision 140 degrees.
  • Bioptic telescopic lens may be worn at certain times with a restricted license.Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles
  • ME now allows driving down to and including 20/100 and use of bioptics during driving testing, and if passed during testing, during general driving;

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Maryland

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Driver’s License Requirements To qualify for an unrestricted driver’s license, the State of Maryland requires drivers to have:

  • Binocular vision
  • Visual acuity (Snellen) of at least 20/40 in each eye
  • A continuous field of vision of at least 140 degrees

Restricted licenses may be issued to persons having

  • Visual acuity of at least 20/70 in one or both eyes
  • A continuous field of vision of at least 110 degrees, with at least 35 degrees lateral to the midline of each side

Note: These two requirements must be simultaneous. Persons with visual acuity levels less than 20/70, but no worse than 20/100, require special handling by the MVA’s Glen Burnie Headquarters. Please contact the MVA’s Modified Vision Unit at (410) 768-7513 for information and special forms. You cannot qualify for any Maryland driver’s license if:

  • You cannot achieve visual acuity levels of 20/100 or better, using either one of both eyes (without telescopic lens)
  • You cannot achieve at least 110 degrees continuous field of vision

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Massachusetts

Date last verified: August 2018

Bioptic Telescopic Lens Wearers A customer who uses a bioptic telescopic lens is eligible to receive a Class D permit/license only if he/she:

1. Meets ALL of the following visual standards:

a. At least 20/40 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the telescope

b. At least 20/100 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the carrier lens

c. At least 20/100 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the other lens

d. Not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision

2. Uses a bioptic telescope which meets all of the following criteria:

a. Monocular (The telescope must be on one eye only; telescopes over both eyes are not acceptable for licensing purposes.)

b. Fixed focus (Telescopes that need to be rotated to focus are not acceptable.

c. No greater than 3x (Magnification must not exceed three times.)

d. Spectacle-mounted and an integral part of the lens (No clip-on or hand-held telescopes are acceptable for licensing purposes.)

e. Mounted to the upper quadrant of the lens (The wearer’s vision while looking through the carrier lens or other lens should not be blocked or impeded in any way.

Below is MA and a Class D is a standard license https://secure.rmv.state.ma.us/PolicyBrowserPublic/PB/default.htm?turl=WordDocuments%2Fvision.htm

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Michigan

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Bioptic drivers require 20/50, and new bioptic drivers need training and road test. Upon passing road test new bioptic drivers are restricted to daylight only and no freeways for 1 year minimum. After one year new bioptic drivers may petition for nighttime and freeway driving privileges for which additional training and testing will be required. No minimum carrier acuity is required. Yearly visual reports are required.

  • Vision with no progressive abnormality of the eye
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • 20/70 daylight only
    • < 20/70 not eligible
  • Vision with progressive abnormality of the eye
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • 20/70 daylight only
    • < 20/70 not eligible
  • Drivers with 20/100 or less vision in one eye and the other
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • <20/60 not eligible
  • Peripheral Vision
    • >110 deg full driving privileges
    • 90-110 subject to additional conditions and requirements

Click here to learn more

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Minnesota

Date last verified: Dec 2020

7410.2400 VISION.

Subpart 1. In general. Every applicant shall submit to a vision screening or examination. The purpose of the vision screening is:

A. to screen applicants to ensure that those with insufficient vision take the steps required to achieve the best vision possible; and

B. to deny driving privileges to those whose vision is likely to interfere with the safe operation of motor vehicles.

Subp. 1a. Definitions. The terms used in this part have the following meanings:

A. “Visual acuity” means acuteness or sharpness of vision.

B. “Visual field” means the area within which an object may be seen when the eye is fixed.

Subp. 2. Unrestricted/corrective lens restriction. The applicant, if otherwise eligible, will be considered for an unrestricted driver’s license or a driver’s license with a corrective lens restriction if the applicant meets the following visual standards:

A. visual acuity of 20/40 or better, with either one usable eye or with both eyes, with or without corrective lenses; and

B. visual field of 105 degrees or greater in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes.

If the applicant needs corrective lenses to meet the visual acuity standards or if a licensed physician or an optometrist recommends that the applicant wear corrective lenses, the applicant must wear the corrective lenses while operating a motor vehicle.

If a licensed physician or an optometrist recommends that corrective lenses not be worn, the commissioner shall impose suitable restrictions, if applicable, upon the applicant’s driving privileges.

Subp. 3. [Repealed, 20 SR 2122]

Subp. 4. Vision examinations. An applicant shall submit a vision examination certificate from a licensed physician or an optometrist in a form as prescribed by the commissioner when:

A. the applicant disagrees with the results of the screening;

B. the applicant’s vision cannot be determined;

C. any court or police officer has recommended that the applicant’s vision be examined;

D. the commissioner has good cause to believe that an examination is warranted;

E. the applicant has double vision;

F. the applicant’s visual acuity is less than 20/40 with either one usable eye or with both eyes, with or without corrective lenses; or

G. the applicant’s visual field is less than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes.

An applicant’s vision examination must have been conducted within six months of completion of the vision examination certificate.

Subp. 5. Restricted license; vision requirements. If otherwise eligible, and subject to subpart 5a, an applicant will be issued a restricted license to drive if the applicant has:

A. visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision with either one usable eye or with both eyes; or

B. visual field of less than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes.

Subp. 5a. Restricted license; driving restrictions. An applicant eligible for a restricted license under subpart 5 shall comply with the applicable restrictions on driving described in items A to E.

A. Speed restrictions.
20/50 55 miles per hour
20/60 50 miles per hour
20/70 45 miles per hour

B. Restriction as to type of road. An applicant subject to speed restrictions under item A may also be restricted to those roads having a maximum speed limit equal to the maximum speed limit imposed upon the applicant, if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public. A person limited to a maximum speed of 45 m.p.h. or less is prohibited from driving on any freeway, expressway, or limited access highway that has a speed limit of more than 45 m.p.h.

C. Area restrictions. An applicant with visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision may be restricted to driving within an area to be determined by the commissioner, if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public.

D. Daylight restriction. An applicant with visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision may be restricted to daylight hours to be determined by the commissioner if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public.

E. Equipment restriction. An applicant with a visual field of less than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes must be restricted to driving with left and right outside rearview mirrors or restrictions in items A to E, if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public.

Subp. 6. Other situations. When the applicant’s visual acuity is 20/80 or up to, but not including, 20/100 corrected vision, or when the applicant has any vision readings or problems not covered by the above general standards, the application will be referred to the driver evaluation unit, who shall determine whether a restricted license can be issued and the kinds of restrictions that are necessary to ensure that the applicant does not pose an unreasonable safety risk to the applicant personally or to others.

Subp. 7. License denial/cancellation. An applicant’s driver’s license will be denied or an existing driver’s license will be canceled under the authority of Minnesota Statutes, sections 171.04, subdivision 1, clause (11), 171.14, and 171.32, when:

A. the applicant has visual acuity of 20/100 or less corrected vision;

B. the applicant is known to be receiving assistance for the blind;

C. the applicant has visual field of less than 100 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes;

D. the commissioner receives a recommendation from a licensed physician or optometrist that the applicant’s driver’s license should be canceled or denied; or

E. the applicant fails to submit a required vision examination certificate within the requested time period.

Statutory Authority: MS s 14.06; 171.04; 171.13; 171.14; 299A.04

History: 17 SR 1279; 20 SR 2122; L 1996 c 455 art 3 s 24; L 1999 c 238 art 2 s 91

Published Electronically: October 11, 2007

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Mississippi

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 1. 20/200 in better eye with the best conventional non-telescopic corrective lens(es). 2. A central field loss of no more than 5 degrees. 3. A horizontal field of at least 105 degrees, either mono or bino. 4. Power of the telescope not to exceed 4X 5. Visual Acuity with the bioptic telescope at least 20/50 in the better eye. 6. Applicant to complete a vision rehabilitation program in the use of the bioptic telescopic device and certified by the examining optometrist or ophthalmologist 7. Applicant must complete a certified driver education course consisting of a minimum of 6 hours of actual behind the wheel training, while wearing the bioptic telescopic glasses 8. Recommended renewal should be every 12 months. (I guess this is left up to the doctor and/or the patient).

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Missouri

Date last verified: Dec 2020

GENERAL VISION INFORMATION: The standard minimum acuity required for an unrestricted license is 20/40 with either or both eyes. Best-corrected vision between 20/41 – 20/59 with either or both eyes shall be restricted to daylight driving only. 20/60 – 20/74 with either or both eyes shall be restricted to daylight driving only and a 45 mph speed limit. Anyone with best corrected vision between 20/75 – 20/160 with either or both eyes shall be referred to the department for an examination to determine whether further restrictions should be required. The standard minimum peripheral reading is at least 55 degrees in each eye or 85 degrees in one eye. If you are unable to meet the vision standards as required, you may be denied a license, or restrictions may be placed on your license. If both your natural and corrected acuity vision are worse than 20/160, or your peripheral combined is worse than 70 degrees, you cannot take the driving test and cannot have a driver license.

BIOPTIC (TELESCOPIC) LENS INFORMATION: The use of a telescopic lens, whether monocular or binocular, is not allowed to meet the vision requirements to receive a license but may be used as a driver’s aid. The applicant must have a reading of at least 20/160, without the aid of a telescopic lens or lenses, to be eligible for a Missouri driver license. When the applicant is wearing a telescopic lens, the applicant will be referred to a vision specialist to obtain the reading through the carrier lens. Any applicable vision-related restrictions (such as Daylight Driving Only, 45 Miles Per Hour, Left Outside Mirror, Right Outside Mirror, etc.) would be based on the eye reading in the carrier lens(es). If the applicant has a telescopic lens (or lenses) mounted above the line of sight through the carrier lens of the glasses, the telescopic lens may serve as a supplement to the person’s vision. Under no condition can the telescopic lens(es) be used to correct the person’s vision in order to meet the licensing standard. The telescopic lens(es) may be used during the driving skills test.Drivers License Bureau, vision guidelines

Click here to learn more

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Screenshot 2020 05 18 What are the driving laws in Missouri IALVS

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Montana

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Vision Standards:

  • 20/40 or better in each eye or both eyes together
  • No restrictions necessary Less than 20/40
  • Corrective lens restriction if vision can be improved 20/40 to 20/70 in both eyes together
  • Restricted to daylight only, 55 mph on the interstate and 45 mph otherwise, and/or may be required to pass the driving portion of the examination on renewal 20/70 to 20/100 in better eye
  • Unrestricted license will be denied, but applicant may request that a restricted license be issued.
  • If restricted license requested, special evaluation will be conducted by district supervisor or chief examiner to determine whether need for license exists.
  • Visual Field: None specified

Bioptics: Allowed for driving but not permitted to improve visual acuity on testing.doj.mt.gov/driving/ARM Code 23.3.118; 23.3.119

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Nebraska

Date last verified: Dec 2020

nebraska dmv laws

http://www.sos.ne.gov/rules-and-regs/regsearch/Rules/Motor_Vehicles_Dept_of/Title-247/Chapter-7.pdf

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Screenshot 2019 07 20 What are the driving laws for the visually impaired in Nebraska YouTube

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Nevada

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, may get an unrestricted license.

Visual Acuity of 20/50 or better in the better eye and 20/60 or better in the worse eye may get a daytime restricted license.

Visual Field: Binocular field of vision of 140 degrees.

Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

Bioptic Telescopes:

Visual Acuity:

  1. At least 20/40 when looking through the bioptic device: and
  2. At least 20/120 when looking through the carrier lens.

Field of Vision: At least 130 degrees.

The condition which is the nature of the applicant’s visual deficiency MUST BE STABLE.

The applicant must pass a comprehensive road test to determine whether he or she is able to operate a motor vehicle safely while using the telescopic device and the carrier lenses.

A yearly driving exam by the DMV is required.

A yearly Vision Exam is required.

Daytime Restriction only and speed limited to 45mph.

Outside mirrors on both sides of vehicle.

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New Hampshire

Date last verified: August, 2015

Standard license: minimum of 20/40 vision with both eyes or 20/30 with one eye Medical exceptions: vision between 20/40 and 20/70

Bioptics are not mentioned in the laws Part C, Department of Safety

Drivers must have 20/40 acuity in both eyes, or 20/30 in one eye if the other is blind to pass the test. If they fail the vision test, they will be required to have an examination by their eyecare specialist to determine whether vision is correctable. A New Hampshire license will be issued to drivers with acuity of 20/70 in the better eye with a daylight only restriction *There is no mention of testing vision using Bioptic telescopes. Drivers must have 20/40 acuity in both eyes, or 20/30 in one eye if the other is blind to pass the test. If they fail the vision test, they will be required to have an examination by their eyecare specialist to determine whether vision is correctable. A New Hampshire license will be issued to drivers with acuity of 20/70 in the better eye with a daylight only restriction *There is no mention of testing vision using Bioptic telescopes.

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New Jersey

Date last verified: Dec 2020

  1. Vision will be considered as passing when a minimum of 20/50 is attained in each eye, with or without corrective lenses. This rating will be determined by the Snellen Chart.
  2. When the vision is either eye is less than 20/50 and cannot be improved by means of corrective lenses, a certificate adequately explaining the deficiency and signed by a physician, ophthalmologist or optometrist must be presented.
  3. When the vision in either eye is less than 20/50 and corrective lenses will improve the vision then corrective lenses will be required to be worn while driving except where corrective lenses show an improvement but wearing lenses would be detrimental to the applicants visual well being a statement to this effect, signed by a physician, ophthalmologist or optometrist must be presented.
  4. When there is no vision in one eye, the good eye must meet the minimum standard of 20/50 with or without corrective lenses.
  5. In the event that any special device or equipment is used or needed to meet the minimum requirements outlined in this section, the matter may be referred to Safety Standards/Driver Testing for final determination.

Visual Acuity test Standards for Commercial Driver License A person shall not drive a commercial vehicle unless he/she has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70 degrees in the horizontal meridian in each eye and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green and amber. Licensing Service, 13:21-8. 10 e

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New Mexico

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/80 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 120 degrees in the horizontal meridian, with at least 30 degrees in the nasal field of one eye.

Bioptics are allowed for driving but not allowed to pass the visual acuity test. Taxation and Revenue Department, Driver Services.

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New York

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Vision requirements & restrictions

You must pass a vision test when you apply for a driver license or to renew your license. The test must show that you have visual acuity of at least 20/40 (based on the Snellen Visual Acuity Scale) in either or both eyes, with or without corrective lenses.

You may take a vision test at a DMV office or your vision test results may be submitted to DMV

If you are mailing or submitting a Vision Test Report to DMV. It must be completed in English.

Restrictions related to driver vision

If your eye exam indicates you must wear corrective lenses to pass the vision test, a “B” restriction will be placed on your driver license or learner permit.

There are also restrictions for drivers with low vision.

  • Telescopic lenses – Telescopic lenses are corrective lenses that are much more powerful than normal eyeglasses or contact lenses. If you need telescopic lens to pass a vision test, you must send a completed Eye Test Report for Medical Review Unit (PDF) form (MV-80L) to DMV’s Medical Review Unit (MRU). A “TELESCOPIC LENSES” restriction will be placed on your driver license or learner permit. If you no longer need telescopic lenses, you can submit a new form MV-80L to remove the restriction.
  • Daylight driving only – If an eye care professional indicates that your vision at night is impaired, a “DAYLIGHT DRIVING ONLY” restriction will be added your driver license or learner permit.

How to remove a CORRECTIVE LENSES restriction

You must prove that you can pass a vision test without corrective lenses.

Remove the restriction online

You can remove online if your vision test provider must be enrolled in the DMV Online Vision Registry.

Once an enrolled provider electronically notifies us that you can pass a vision test without corrective lenses, the restriction will be removed when you renew your license online.

Remove the restriction at a DMV office

Office procedures have changed due to COVID-19.

We recommend you conduct your DMV business at the office or by mail in the County where you are a resident.

See instructions and reservation information for your county

When you renew or replace your DMV document at an office, you can take a vision test there or prove that you have meet our vision requirements by providing a Vision Test Report (PDF) (MV-619) completed by a qualified eye care provider. 2

If your vision care provider is enrolled in the DMV Online Vision Registry and has submitted your vision test results electronically to DMV, you will not need to submit proof or take a vision test.

Remove the restriction by mail

If you want to remove a CORRECTIVE LENS restriction before it is time to renew your driver license, you must obtain proof that you do not need corrective lenses and order a replacement document. Proof can be submitted to DMV

To order a replacement document without the restriction, you must

Mail these items to your local DMV office.

If the Vision Test Report (MV-619) has a print date of 9/03 or earlier, the form is valid for 6 months after the date of the eye test. If the form has a print date of 3/04 or later, the vision care professional marks a box on the form to indicate if the form is valid for 6 months or for 12 months after the date of the eye test.

  • 2 Your Vision Care Report (MV-619) must be completed by
  • a physician
  • a physician’s assistant
  • an ophthalmologist
  • an optometrist
  • an optician
  • a registered nurse
  • a nurse professional

If the Vision Test Report (MV-619) has a print date of 9/03 or earlier, the form is valid for 6 months after the date of the eye test. If the form has a print date of 3/04 or later, the vision care professional marks a box on the form to indicate if the form is valid for 6 months or for 12 months after the date of the eye test.

Screenshot 2020 01 06 What are the driving laws for the visually impaired in New York YouTube

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North Carolina

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, no restrictions. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions; 20/70 in the better eye if the worse eye is 20/200 or worse. Visual Field: 60 degrees in one eye (30 degrees on each side). Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are allowed. Drivers Must:

  1. Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/200 in one or both eyes and a field of 70 degrees horizontal vision with or without corrective carrier lenses, or if the person has vision in one eye only, the person demonstrates a field of at least 40 degrees temporal and 30 degrees nasal horizontal vision.
  2. To drive during daylight hours only, the driver must see 20/70 or better through the bioptic telescope(s).
  3. To also drive at night, the driver must see 20/40 or better through the bioptic telescope(s) and have a note from their optometrist or ophthalmologist stating that the applicant has adequate vision to safely drive at night.
  4. The driver must successfully complete a behind-the-wheel training and assessment program prescribed by the Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV).

p14-17, Driver Medical Evaluation

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North Dakota

Date last verified: Dec 2020

VISUAL REQUIREMENTS FOR OPERATORS LICENSES OR PERMITS

CHAPTER 37-08-01
VISUAL REQUIREMENTS

37-08-01-01 Definitions
37-08-01-02 Correction Only by Corrective or Special Visual Device
37-08-01-03 Visual Activity Requiring Road Test
37-08-01-04 Medical Advisory Board Review
37-08-01-05 Minimum Vision Requirements and Restrictions

37-08-01-01. Definitions.

The definitions provided in North Dakota Century Code title 39 shall apply to this article, except:

  1. “Corrective visual device” means glasses or contact lenses.
  2. “Field of vision report” means a report measuring peripheral vision arrived at by use of a static or kinetic visual field testing device in the ophthalmologic or optometric profession which checks peripheral and central visual field, excluding tangent screen and confrontation devices.
  3. “Medical advisory board” means driver license medical advisory board consisting of North Dakota licensed physicians or optometrists appointed by the director for the purpose of advising the director concerning the medical aspects of licensing.
  4. “Outside mirrors” means one unobstructed mirror attached to each side of the vehicle within easy view of the driver.
  5. “Road test” means a driving demonstration.
  6. “Special visual devices” means use of telescopic bioptic resulting in a vision acuity of 20/130 in each eye through the carrier lens and 20/40 in the bioptic lens and having a full field peripheral view in both eyes.
  7. “Vision specialist” means a North Dakota licensed physician or optometrist.

History: Effective December 1, 1988; amended effective July 1, 2000.
General Authority: NDCC 28-32-02
Law Implemented: NDCC 39-06-03(7)

37-08-01-02. Correction only by corrective or special visual device.

When correction is needed, only the use of a corrective or special visual device is permitted

History: Effective December 1, 1988.
General Authority: NDCC 28-32-02
Law Implemented: NDCC 39-06-03(7)

37-08-01-03. Visual acuity requiring road test.

Visual acuity less than 20/60 requires a road test regardless of the corrective or special visual device being used.

History: Effective December 1, 1988; amended effective May 1, 1994; July 1,2000.
General Authority: NDCC 28-32-02
Law Implemented: NDCC 39-06-03(7)

37-08-01-04. Medical advisory board review

Whenever the visual acuity is less than 20/80 or field of vision less than 105 degrees, the medical advisory board may, upon request of the drivers license and traffic safety division, review the case and make their recommendations to the director of the department of transportation or the director’s agent.

History: Effective December 1, 1988; amended effective July 1, 2000.
General Authority: NDCC 28-32-02
Law Implemented: NDCC 39-06-03(7)

37-08-01-05. Minimum vision requirements and restrictions.

Applicants and operators requesting or maintaining a North Dakota license or permit and who meet the following minimum vision standards, as established by the drivers license and traffic safety division, shall comply with the associated requirements and restrictions (which are nonexclusive):

Minimum visual acuity
Requirements and
restrictions with or
without corrective or
special device.

  1. 20/40
    for person having one-eyed vision
  2. 20/50
    for person having one-eyed vision
  3. 20/40 each eye
  4. 20/50 each eye
  5. 20/50 better eye
    20/60 or less other eye
  6. 20/60 better eye
    20/60 or less other eye
  7. 20/70 better eye
    20/80 – 20/100 other eye
  8. 20/80 better eye
    20/80 – 20/100 other eye

(f, h).

(a, b, d, f, h).

(a, b, d, f, h).

(f).

(a, b, f).

(a, b, d, f).

(a, b, d, f).

(a, b, c, e, f, g).

(a, b, c, e, f, g).

Requirements and restriction code:

a. Daylight driving only.

b. Vision specialist recommendations.

c. Vision recheck within one year.

d. Vision recheck within two years.

e. Road test.

f. Field of vision report:

Horizontal visual field of 105 degrees or better. Can be obtained by totaling the temporal
readings of both eyes or temporal plus nasal in one eye.

g. Report any eye disease or injury

h. Outside mirror.

Except as provided in North Dakota Century Code section 39-08-21, the driver of a commercial class A, B, or C motor vehicle shall comply with the federal motor carrier regulations, pursuant to 49 CFR section 391.41(b)(10).

History: Effective December 1, 1988; amended effective March 1, 1992; May 1,1994; July 1, 2000.
General Authority: NDCC 28-32-02
Law Implemented: NDCC 39-06-03(7)

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Ohio

Date last verified: Dec 2020

OH: http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-20 (Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)

  1. Driving without correction: Binocular applicant 20/40 or better, Monocular applicant 20/30 or better
  2. Driving with correction without restriction: Best corrected vision with corrective lenses: Same as non correction.
  3. Driving with restricted license: Binocular: best corrected vision is poorer than 20/40 but better than 20/70. Monocular: best corrected vision is poorer than 20/30 but better than 20/60
  4. No License: Binocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/70. Monocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/60.
  5. Visual fields: If applicant has greater than 70 degrees of vision from a target in each eye, the license is unrestricted. If one eye is comprised, it must have 45 degrees of field from the target in that eye and greater than 70 degrees in the other eye for a restricted license. If the field is worse in either eye, no license is granted.
  6. Bioptic telescopes: Driving with bioptics is permitted, however, multiple steps must be met to achieve this.

For Bioptic Driving http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-33 (Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)

  1. If the vision requirements were not met as it pertained in code 4501:1-1-20, a person may still get a license to drive with bioptic telescopes.
  2. The applicant must go to an approved certified driving training and evaluation program center and have a new vision evaluation to see if they may be able to enter the bioptic program.
  3. Once permitted into the program, the applicant must take an examination regarding motor vehicle laws in Ohio. Once passing the permit test, the applicant will be granted a permit.
  4. When the permit is granted, an examination will be done to assure that the applicant can achieve the above listed acuities through the bioptic telescope and have proper visual fields.
  5. After the bioptics have proven to achieve the proper vision requirements, a driving test will be administered by at least two highway patrolman examiners.
  6. The applicant is permitted three attempts to pass the driving test. If they do not pass, they must retake the permit test again. If the driving test is passed, they will obtain an restricted driving license for 12 months. If after 12 months there have been no traffic citations or accidents, the applicant may apply for an unrestricted license. This test must be passed by two different examiners both a half hour after sundown and a half hour before sunrise.

Driver License Special Case Section, 4501:1-1-33

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Oklahoma

Date last verified: dec, 2020

oklahoma dmv laws

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Oregon

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Licenses issued to persons with a limited vision condition using a bioptic telescope lens has specific guidelines that must be followed. Use the following link to view the DMV Form and Instructions regarding this program:

http://www.odot.state.or.us/forms/dmv/24a.pdf

735-062-0045, driver safety case management Enrolled Senate Bill 289 (sb 289-A)

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Pennsylvania

Date last verified: Dec 2020

  1. Driving without correction: 20/40 or better in each eye or combined vision
  2. Driving with correction: If vision is worse than 20/40 in each eye or combined vision but correctable to better than 20/60 with corrective lenses. 20/70 vision with best correction and permission from an optometrist or ophthalmologist may be granted a non-restricted license.
  3. Restricted license: If best-corrected vision is worse than 20/70, but better than 20/100 with combined vision, a restricted license may be obtained. Many restrictions apply.
  4. Visual field: All applicants must have 120 degrees of horizontal field to drive.
  5. Monocular applicants are ok, providing they adhere to the above restrictions and guidelines.

BIOPTIC TELESCOPE DRIVING RULES

  1. BCVA of 20/200 in the better eye
  2. 120 degree visual field or greater
  3. Good color vision
  4. Bioptic must be mounted in driving position
  5. Must have and use bioptic for 3 months and do 10 hours of front seat passenger in car instruction with a low vision rehab specialist
  6. After 3 months of in car instruction, the applicant may apply for a permit to complete behind the wheel instruction. A letter of proof from the low vision rehabilitation specialist must included.
  7. After obtaining the permit, the applicant must do 20 hours of driving with a certified driving instructor, then an additional 45 hours (5 in inclement weather) with a licensed driver 21 years of age or older. This is daylight only, 30 minutes after sunrise and 30 minutes before sunset. This permit is for 12 months. Once this step is completed, the patient is reevaluated by the driving instructor who will then recommend that PennDOT schedule the individual for an on road driving exam by the DMV.
  8. This license limits the driving to roads other than freeways, vehicles less than 10,000 pounds, and no motorcycles. Other terms and restrictions may be placed on the license by the low vision rehabilitation specialist, certified driving professional, or the DMV.
  9. The license is daylight only if the acuity through the telescope is 20/50 or worse. If the acuity is 2/40 or better, the patient can apply for a nighttime license after 1 year of original bioptic licensure and no violations or accidents were made in that year, and the patient is reevaluated by the certified driving instructor.
  10. Annual vision assessments are required to determine that the vision meets the standards.
  11. The DMV will review the patients record annually. If the law states the patient was involved in an at fault accident or convicted of 2 moving violations, or any violations of the conditions or limitations of the license shall result in the recall of the bioptic telescope license.

txtType=PDF&sessYr=2019&sessInd=0&billBody=H&billTyp=B&billNbr=2296&pn=4542

PA:http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/067/chapter83/s83.3.html(code last updated in 2004, and still current)

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Rhode Island

Date last verified: Dec 2020

TITLE 280 – RHODE ISLAND DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE

CHAPTER 30 – DIVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

SUBCHAPTER 05 – LICENSING

PART 4 – Rules and Regulations Regarding the Issuance of a Driver’s License to
Applicants and Licensees Who Use Bioptic Telescopic Lenses

4.1 Authority
This Part is promulgated pursuant to the authority granted in R.I. Gen. Laws § 31-10-28.

4.2 Purpose
The purpose of this Part is to determine the eligibility of a motorist to use bioptic telescopic lenses and to regulate that use.

4.3 Visual Acuity and Horizontal Peripheral Field of Vision Standard for Applicants and Licensees Who Use Bioptic Telescopic Lenses

A. Individuals who use bioptic telescopic lenses are not eligible to receive a motorcycle learner’s permit or license.

B. Individuals who use bioptic telescopic lenses are eligible to receive learner’s permits and licenses only, provided that the individual’s doctor has provided a
signed certification that the following standards are met:

  1. At least 20/40 distant visual acuity through the telescope, and at least 20/100 distant visual acuity through the carrier lens, and at least 20/100
    distant visual acuity through the other lens; and not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision; and
  2. The bioptic telescope used by the applicant or licensee must be:

a. Monocular

(1) The telescope must be on one eye only; telescopes over both eyes are not acceptable for licensing purposes.

b. Fixed Focus

(1) Telescopes that need to be rotated to focus are not acceptable.

c. No Greater Than 3x Magnification

(1) Magnification must not exceed three (3) times.

d. Spectacle-mounted and an Integral Part of the Lens

(1) No clip-on or hand-held telescopes are acceptable for licensing purposes.

e. Located so Not to Occlude the Wearer’s Line of Sight and Not to
Occlude the Visual Field in the Other Eye

(1) The telescope must be affixed to the upper quadrant of the lens so that the wearer’s vision while looking through the
carrier lens or other lens is not blocked or impended in any way.

f. Eligible for a “Daylight Only” License

(1) A daylight only restriction and a corrective lenses restriction must be imposed.
If the licensee wishes to have the restrictions removed from his or her license,
he or she must take and pass a night time driving test.

g. Color Vision Standard

(1) Applicant or Licensee must be able to distinguish the colors red, green, and amber.

(2) If the applicant or licensee cannot distinguish the colors red, green, and amber, a license is not possible.

h. Vision Impairment Standard

(1) Applicant or licensee must not have unresolvable diplopia
(double vision which cannot be resolved by wearing an eye
patch or other suppressive device).

(2) If the applicant or licensee does have unresolvable diplopia,
a license is not possible.

Screenshot 2020 04 06 Driving Laws for the Visually Impaired in Rhode Island IALVS

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South Carolina

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to achieve the acuity requirements. (a)Visual acuity of at least 20/120 in the better functioning eye when looking through the carrier lens of a bioptic telescopic aid;(b) has improved visual acuity of at least 20/40 using the bioptic telescopic aid in the better functioning eye;(c) has a binocular horizontal visual field diameter of not less than one hundred twenty degrees and a vertical field of not less than eighty degrees without the use of visual field expanders. If the applicant is monocular, the horizontal visual field may not be less than seventy degrees temporally and thirty-five degrees nasally;(d) has the signed approval of an optometrist or ophthalmologist to apply for driving privileges using a bioptic telescope;(e) has successfully completed an In-Clinic Pre-Driver Bioptic Evaluation and Training Program as contained in subsection (C) that was provided by a doctorate level Eye Care Professional (ECP), Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist (CDRS), Certified Low Vision Therapist (CLVT), or Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist (COMS), or such other designations of qualification as may be recognized by the department who are certified in Bioptic Driving Training; and(f) has successfully completed a recognized Bioptic Driving Behind-the-Wheel Training Program provided by an ECP, CDRS, CLVT, COMS, or such other designations of qualification as recognized by the department who has certification in Bioptic Driving Training recognized by the department.(g)driving only during daylight hours;(h) a maximum speed of fifty miles per hour;(i) no driving on an interstate highway.735-062-0045, driver safety case management

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South Dakota

Date last verified: Dec 2020

south dakota dmv

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Tennessee

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Summary Visual Acuity Restrictions 20/40 or better — None (unless corrective lenses are right eye and left eye needed to achieve visual acuity) 20/40 or better one eye * Corrective lenses (if applicable) 20/60 to blind other eye: Outside rear-view mirrors 20/60 or better — * Corrective lenses (if applicable) right eye and left eye Outside rear-view mirrors *NOTE: These persons shall be required to supply the eye statement provided by the Department and completed by a licensed ophthalmologist or optometrist. Applicants failing to meet any of the above standards shall be failed Low Vision Guidelines (Bioptic Lens and/or Telescopic Lens Wearer). Applicants for Class D, PD, or H licenses who are handicapped by low vision acuity, but who otherwise qualify for a driving privilege may be licensed under the following guidelines:

Qualifications:

  1. The applicant shall have acceptable mobility.
  2. The applicant shall be free of all mental impairments.
  3. Prior to application, the bioptic wearer shall complete training in driving with a bioptictelescopic lens(es) from a driving instructor certified in this field.

Requirements:

  1. The applicant shall have a visual acuity of at least 20/200 IN BOTH EYES with the best conventional non- telescopic corrective lens(es), and a full visual field. The central field vision loss shall not exceed five (5) degrees.
  2. The applicant’s visual acuity with the bioptic telescope shall be at least 20/60. The power of the bioptic telescope shall not exceed four powers (4x). The bioptic telescopic lens(es) may be fit either monocularly or binocularly, but shall be located superior to the normal line of gaze.
  3. The applicant shall have a horizontal visual field diameter of no less than one hundred fifty (150) degrees without the use of field expanders.
  4. The applicant shall present certification of having completed training in the use of a bioptic telescope for driving purposes. This certification shall be obtained from an optometrist or ophthalmologist identified by a recognized professional organization as one especially qualified in the field of Low Vision care or, from a Certified Rehabilitation Person.
  5. This course must have been completed while the applicant was wearing the bioptic telescopic lens(es).
  6. The applicant shall present a report from the Low Vision optometrist on a form supplied by the Department which contains the following information:
    1. Patient’s vital data;
    2. Date the system was dispensed;
    3. Complete information regarding the visual requirements outlined above;
    4. Diagnosis of the visual condition and an apparent date of onset; and
    5. A statement concerning the stability of the condition (progressive, stable, or undetermined).
  7. This report shall not be written until the applicant has used the system at least sixty (60) days, and shall have been conducted within six (6) months of the date of the application.
  8. From the initial report date, the applicant shall re-submit annually an updated report.

Types of restrictions:

  1. Listed below are restrictions that may or may not be required. Restrictions shall not be limited to the following, but shall include any other restriction deemed necessary by the doctor of the licensee or the advisory board for low vision acuity.
    1. Daylight driving only
    2. Fifty(50) m.p.h. maximum speed
    3. Outside rear-view mirrors (left/right)
    4. Certain area and time restrictions

Screenshot 2019 10 04 Driving in Tennesse with Low Vision Using Bioptic Telescope YouTube

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Texas

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Restrictions begin with vision worse than 20/50, may require comprehensive road test. Restrictions may include daytime only, 45 mph maximum, and no freeway driving. Visual Field: No mention in the regulations. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet the visual acuity standards and must pass a comprehensive road test.

Click here to speak to a low vision doctor in Texas about driving with low vision

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Utah

Date last verified: January, 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions. Visual Field: 120 degrees horizontal and 20 degrees vertical. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted for driving in Utah. Utah Driver License Division.

Screenshot 2019 11 06 What are the driving laws for the visually impaired in Utah Magna Family Eye Care YouTube

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Vermont

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Visual Field: 60 degrees external, each eye. Monocular: 60 degrees external and 60 degrees nasal. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards, must pass a road test. APA regulations, Section 8

Click here to speak to a low vision doctor in Vermont about driving with low vision

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Virginia

Date last verified: December, 2020

Minimum Vision Requirements

  • Visual Acuity: must be 20/200 or better in one or both eyes through the carrier lens (eyeglasses), AND must be 20/70 or better in one or both eyes through the bioptic telescopic lens, which must be mounted to the carrier lens.
  • Horizontal Vision (without field expanders): must be 70 degrees or better. If one eye only, standard is 40 degrees or better temporal and 30 degrees nasal.

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Washington

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 110 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. 7. 3 Vision Testing (R/10/97)

Screenshot 2019 07 20 Helping Patients with Low Vision in Washington Drive Again YouTube

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West Virginia

Date last verified: Dec 2020

To qualify for the WV Bioptic Driving Program an applicant must present the following from a visual standpoint:

  1. Visual acuity of 20/70 – 20/200 inclusive in the better eye with best standard correction;
  2. Visual field of at least 120 degrees horizontally and 70 degrees vertically in the same eye as used for visual acuity determination;
  3. Improved visual acuity of 20/40 or better using a 4x maximum bioptic telescope;
  4. No serious color vision deficits;
  5. No ocular diagnosis or prognosis that is likely to deteriorate below the protocol levels of visual acuity and visual field as stated above.

Authority for these requirements based on laws of West Virginia, relating to “Class G” driver’s License.

After providing a vision examination on the applicant, the eye doctor is to mail or fax the completed form with copies of visual field test results to:

WVDRS, attn: Bioptic Driving Program, WVDRS, #10 McJunkin Road, Nitro, WV 25143, Fax: 304 759 2264 If not involved in the preliminary evaluation, fitting and prescription of a bioptic lens system for the applicant, leave page 3 of this vision screening report form blank. Such services will be completed later by the Optometric Consultant for the WV Division of Rehabilitation Services.

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Wisconsin

Date last verified: Dec, 2020

Standards set for drivers​

To be eligible for a Wisconsin driver license, you must be able to see details clearly and see to the sides. Wisconsin is consistent with other states in establishing 20/40 vision and 70 degree field of vision as the level for unrestricted driver licensing.

Bioptic lenses may not be used to meet standards. These standards have been developed based upon available research and the advice of ophthalmologists and optometrists in Wisconsin. The standards for regular car drivers, commercial motor vehicle drivers and school bus drivers vary. All standards refer to the best vision, with or without corrective lenses.

Many people are having laser corrective eye surgery. When visual acuity meets the 20/40 standard, drivers may have the “Corrective lenses” restriction removed from their driver license. To have the restriction lifted, drivers may bring a completed Certificate of Vision Examination MV3030V​ or a note from the vision specialist which includes the visual acuity and peripheral readings, date of vision exam and signature of vision specialist to a Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) customer service center​. Form MV3030V may also be obtained at a DMV service center near you.

Regular driver license – autos, small trucks, vans​

Minimum:

  • 20/100 vision or better in at least one eye
  • 20-degree field of vision from the center in at least one eye

Vision of less than 20/40 in each eye or less than 70-degree field of vision may require:

  • Referral to vision specialist for a recommendation
  • Driving skills test
  • Restrictions on the license (such as daytime only, outside mirrors, limited area or routes, etc.)

Commercial driver license (CDL) – large trucks and buses

Drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMV) operating in commerce must meet the federal vision standards and present a valid federal medical card when applying for a commercial driver license (CDL), unless they have been grandfathered or are exempt by federal or state law.

Drivers who are not grandfathered and do not qualify for the federal medical card will be issued a restricted commercial driver license.​

Wisconsin standards​

(Only applies for those drivers who are grandfathered or exempted by federal or state law. Does not apply to passenger or school bus drivers.)

  • 20/60 vision or better in at least one eye
  • 70 degree field of vision from center in at least one eye

Federal standards

  • 20/40 vision or better in each eye
  • 70 degree field of vision from center in each eye
  • Ability to distinguish traffic signal color

School bus and passenger endorsements​

Minimum:

  • 20/40 vision or better in each eye
  • 70 degree field of vision from center in each eye
  • Ability to distinguish traffic signal colors

Progressive eye conditions​

If you have a progressive eye condition such as cataracts, glaucoma, etc., you may be asked to provide vision reports before you renew your license. These conditions can cause a gradual worsening of vision and need to be rechecked to determine if your vision is still adequate for safe driving.​

Depending upon your current vision level, a periodic vision report may be requested. The WisDOT medical review staff will notify you of this requirement by mail and send the vision report form. Failure to submit the required form will lead to cancellation of your driver license.

https://wisconsindot.gov/Pages/dmv/license-drvs/rnew-and-chge/vision-standards.aspx

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Wyoming

Date last verified: Dec 2020

Vision screening – A person must have 20/40 acuity with both eyes, either with or without glasses, and a combined horizontal field vision of at least 120 degrees to meeting Wyoming vision standards for operating a motor vehicle. Bioptic glasses may be used to meet vision requirements.

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Canada

Date last verified: June, 2018 http://www.collegeofoptometrists.ab.ca/PDF/Vision-Standards-Drivers-License.pdf

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British Columbia

Screenshot 2020 01 05 What are the driving laws for the visually impaired in British Columbia Valley Vision Optometry You[…]

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